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A salt is added to the hashing process to force their uniqueness, increase their complexity without increasing user requirements, and to mitigate password attacks like rainbow tables.

( a salt is random data that is used as an additional input to a one way function that hashes data )

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When ever the random hash value is generated along with it salted hash is also generated and stored, just to avoid the confusion

Eg if there are 2 same  password in a single system to avoid confusion it is generated
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salts are the complex characters which are added at the end of passwords for ex: p/$%). so, the hash value created will mitigate from dictionary attack, brute firce attack & rainbow table attack.

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